I been locked up 23 years, and I’ve never seen anything like this. I came here at 22, and this was a blessing because I’ve never gotten to see theater before. You just blew my mind!
These are just a few of the comments from the 1,057 community members Cal Shakes engaged with last year’s All The Bay’s a Stage tour of The Tempest. With 8 actors and 1 musician, plus a van-load of props and costumes, The Tempest toured to 7 community sites in 5 Bay Area cities, before playing to the general public at the Oakland Museum of California.
We came to our neighbors at Allen Temple Arms, a housing complex for low-income seniors in East Oakland; DISH (Delivering Innovation in Supportive Housing), which permanently houses formerly homeless San Franciscans with serious health problems; Civicorps, a West Oakland high-school diploma and job training program for 18-26 year olds; the Salvation Army Adult Rehabilitation Center in downtown Oakland; the Federal Correctional Institute in Dublin; the Hacienda assistant living facility for low-income seniors in Martinez; and Berkeley Food and Housing Project, which works to end homelessness in our community. As Cal Shakes wraps up Othello‘s run at the Bruns and preps to take it into this year’s community tour, we’re inspired, and guided, by their words:
(How did this production impact you?) The lesson of forgiveness running parallel in my own personal life presently.
Loved the actors interacting with the audience.
Wonderful combination of the traditional and the contemporary.
Thank you, because it is such a diverse group. Actors of color don’t always get featured in Shakespeare. I’ve never seen such a diverse group, with the gender bending y’all did, it was radical for me. I think many young people need to see this.
There’s so much we’ve been missing out on. You (Prospero) are such a powerful woman, we got to see you kick ass. We got to see our family fall in love and get married tonight.
Never been to a play before. Everything impacted me in a positive way.
I never was into plays or Shakespeare but I really enjoyed it. I’m a fan.
Last year, as part of our effort to foster deep artist/community collaborations, Cal Shakes supported four Community Network Projects: work already being created outside our doors by local community-based artists and cultural workers. We wanted to discover, in what specific, discrete ways could we, as a regional arts institution, add to these projects to broaden capacity and deepen impact?
Dr. Ayodele Nzinga/The Lower Bottom Playaz, Red Beans, Rice, Honey Buttermilk Cornbread, & Discussions about Race
The Lower Bottom Playaz held performance/fundraisers exploring race, place, and belonging called Red Beans, Rice, Honey Buttermilk Cornbread, & Discussions About Race. Talkbacks after the events offered the audience, guest speakers, writers, artists, and community-based organizations space for candid discussion about race, gentrification, incarceration, and more, and for finding common ground for building intentional community.
To support the production of two readings in the series, which featured Dr. Nzinga’s Artist-Investigator project Beyond the Bars: Growing Home, developed with men recently released from San Quentin State Prison, Cal Shakes aided with performer stipends, venue costs, and our stock of chairs and music stands. The series was filmed to inform a larger work about race & place in North America.
NAKA Dance Theater, The Anastasio Project
Created by former Cal Shakes Artist-Investigators Jose Navarrete and Debby Kajiyama of NAKA Dance Theater, in collaboration with Susanne Takehara/EastSide Arts Alliance, The Anastasio Project is a multidisciplinary public performance work that investigates racial profiling and state brutality in the streets of Oakland and at the US-Mexico border. The piece uses the story of Anastasio Hernandez-Rojas, a Mexican national murdered by U.S. Customs and Border Patrol agents in 2010, as its point of departure.
Cal Shakes first supported The Anastasio Project in 2013 with funds to create a roving, tricycle-mounted video projector that allowed the performance to move through the streets outside EastSide Arts Alliance. For the 2015 remount, Cal Shakes supported with funds for an outreach coordinator, who increased access to the work, including three supplementary dialogues on police brutality, among folks in the surrounding neighborhood.
RYSE Center, Bag Ladies’ Butterfly Blues: A Multimedia Production by Richmond Youth
Young people in the RYSE Center’s Media, Arts, and Culture program weaved together poetry, theater, film, dance, and music to create Bag Ladies’ Butterfly Blues: RYSE’s first-ever theatrical production following 16-year-old emcee Natia as she learns about life, love, and womanhood from neighbors in her apartment building. The production created a safe space for Richmond youth to share their stories, pain, joy, and dreams; explore gender roles that can confine women and men of color; and envision a future where relationships are rooted in respect and healthy communication.
Cal Shakes supported RYSE with educational workshops from professional visiting artists Margo Hall, Dan Wolfe, and Rebecca Novick, who worked with youth on acting technique, crafting monologues from community interviews, and more, and by helping stipend the production’s director/dramaturg. The play had tremendous community impact: the youth artists reported feeling like “family” after the often emotional process of creating and rehearsing the piece, and almost all audience members rated it a 5/5 on post-performance surveys, writing that it was a healing experience.
BAY-Peace, Peer-Led Arts-Based Resistance for Formerly and Currently Incarcerated Youth
BAY-Peace supports and empowers Bay Area youth to confront violence through youth organizing and artistic resistance, cultivating creativity, critical thinking, and understanding among working-class students of color. Their model is to train young people to lead workshops to teach other young people tools and information to resist militarism, racial profiling, police brutality, gentrification, and other structural violence.
To support an expansion of their intergenerational leadership model of arts-based youth organizing, Cal Shakes provided funds to pay a BAY-Peace youth to co-facilitate Theater of the Oppressed classes alongside organizer Tatiana Chaterji in the juvenile detention facility at Camp Wilmont Sweeney in San Leandro. (In addition to training youth with BAY-Peace, Chaterji worked as a performing artist and facilitator with the Cal Shakes-backed project Love Balm for My SpiritChild, a testimonial theater process honoring women who have lost children to violence, and more recently as the moderator for our Actualizing Women’s Empowerment Civic Dialogue.)
Unfortunately, BAY-Peace’s youth arts facilitator faced obstacles in gaining clearance to work within the detention center, and the program inside Camp Sweeney went forward with a single adult facilitator. Cal Shakes’ funding then shifted to supporting intergenerational arts-based leadership outside of Camp Sweeney, by providing stipends and meals to support the youth taking BAY-Peace classes within the facility to participate in a peer-led workshop upon their release. The series, which served formerly incarcerated youth, culminated in a performance at EastSide Arts Alliance as part of BAY-Peace’s Oakland’s Geography of Resistance, which mapped different ways young people resist institutional violence through the arts, with a focus on criminalization, incarceration, and the school-to-prison pipeline.
As we look forward to 2017, I want to share with you my thoughts on our next season’s plays, one I’m confident you’ll find as dynamic and exhilarating a theatrical ride as this summer has been.
We’ll begin our season with As You Like It,that most classic of Shakespearean journeys; from city to forest, director Desdemona Chiang (who most recently directed A Winter’s Tale in Ashland) invites us into her Arden—a place both familiar and wildly unexpected, where everyone is so much more than they seem. We continue our celebration of modern American classics with Tennessee Williams’ The Glass Menagerie—a play you think you know, but in the dynamic hands of Chicago-based director Lisa Portes, a comedy of family that’s sure to feel gloriously new. I’m honored to be directing the West Coast premiere of black odyssey, Oakland-native Marcus Gardley’s adaptation of one of Western civilization’s earliest epics, a vividly theatrical tale of homecoming set right here in the East Bay. And finally, Measure for Measure completes our summer with that indelibly funny and simultaneously chilling examination of the body politic and the body personal.
These four plays will form the core of a season rich with opportunities to dive deeply into the issues of our moment, continuing our efforts to build bridges between our art and our communities, between our past and our present, as we forge a classical theater for our 21st century. By subscribing, you’ll be showing your support for this vision, and joining a community of theater-makers committed to celebrating the transformational power of this art, here under the sky and stars, in our classrooms, and in our communities. Won’t you join us next summer? And always feel free to drop me a note—email@example.com—I’d love to hear from you.
I’ve seen my share of “circle-ups.” You know the circle-up: actors and crew and anyone else in the green room or rehearsal room stand in a circle before the show. Sometimes holding hands, they offer up intentions, prayers, dedications, thoughts, vibes, and energy for the coming performance. It usually culminates in something climactic, something similar to, but not generally the clichéd hands-in/low-to-high “gooooo TEAM!” that you see in movies (sure, sometimes—it’s fun). It’s visceral, it’s magical, it’s meaningful. Not every ensemble does it, of course, but those who do find the ritual as important a part of the process as learning their lines.
Last Wednesday when I went to a run of Othello, I participated in a circle-up that was just the first of many unexpected experiences that day.
Eric opened the rehearsal asking everyone in the room to join the circle. All of us: box office staff, production assistants, marketing and development folks, everyone, circled up with the actors, and Eric began by leading us all in a series of movements: simplified gestures of wudhu (ablution, or cleansing of the body in preparation for prayer), and simplified gestures of prayer.
We stood together, those who knew the movements focusing on their own thoughts, those of us joining in for the first time eagle-eyed on someone more practiced. We entered their emotional and mental rehearsal space with them. Eric and the cast murmured one-word prompts: “mouth,” “nose,” “face,” etc. while we followed as best we could.
Scoop your hand to your mouth and turn to spit: three times. Sniff imaginary water, turn to blow it out: three times. Scoop your hand up and over your face, behind your ears and down: three times. Each hand brushes the other arm, hand to elbow: three times. Scoop up and over your head, hairline to nape: once only. Run fingers up the wrinkles in the ears, bottom to top with your fingers: once only. Pass your hands from toes to ankle, each foot: three times.
Hands up to ears. Arms crossed over your chest, right hand over left. Bend in a forward fold, 90 degrees. Stand up. Kneel. Forehead to ground. Kneel. Head right. Head left.
There was no climactic event, but the care taken by those who were practiced at the ritual made it clear this was a serious entry point to the production. The actors would revisit these gestures individually throughout the show.
After wudhu, the actors and audience both took their seats—actors onstage in a small circle of chairs, and audience surrounding them on three sides, just steps away. (For this production, for the first time ever, we have reconfigured the seats into a ¾ thrust.) The actors began. Their circle rippled, broke, moved, but always reformed.
This Othello blurs the moments between when actors are themselves and when they are characters. We see the sublime gestures of prayer juxtaposed with the profanity of jokes that move beyond tasteless into potentially harmful. The actors constantly interrupt the action for a nerdy dramaturgical aside or a personal anecdote, making it hard to get too caught up in the dramatic emotion of it all—which makes the moment that you realize you’ve felt Emilia’s betrayal or Othello’s pride all the more exciting because of it.
This Othello will play like a love letter to Shakespeare and the theatrical form itself. If that all sounds a bit grand, I think that is because I’m trying to describe an experience that cannot be constructed using any other medium—it has to be seen on a stage. I feel like the best theater is like that; it shouldn’t be a story better told through song, or a TED talk, or a Netflix binge. It has to be a piece of theater.
Before I joined the team at Cal Shakes, I worked for two different experimental theater companies; I’m definitely on board for reimagined and even deconstructed classics. I’m so looking forward to seeing the fruits of the hard work that this ensemble has created. When we say “investigation” of Othello, it truly is an investigation: curiosity is sewn into every stitch of this production. What if? What’s that like? What do you mean? Why do you want to see that? Why do you hate to hear that?
This Othello wants you to ask those questions and will encourage you to ask more. It is, as Eric has repeated many times elsewhere, not a museum piece. This is like no other Othello you’ve seen—and I’m here for it.
Alicia Coombes is the Publications Project Manager at Cal Shakes. She’s worked in many capacities throughout the Bay Area theater scene, from dramaturgy to marketing, directing, and crew.
As Othello opens, the story of the great General’s marriage is quickly spat out to Desdemona’s father, Brabantio, as a scandalous piece of news. ‘An old black ram is tapping your white ewe,’ says Iago, Othello’s subordinate. But why is the story of Othello’s marriage delivered in this way? Who is Othello–the great General so esteemed for saving Venice, or the scandalous over-reacher who has “reached” into a senator’s home and stolen away his daughter?
And who does he become? As the play progresses, jealousy is awakened as a sleeping monster in Othello’s breast, eroding his marriage, his confidence, his belief system, and his very identity. And for this great war machine, Othello, a new and shocking question emerges that he has no tools to deal with: what is the price of a life in a world away from warfare?
Dr. Philippa Kelly, Resident Dramaturg for the California Shakespeare Theater, is also a professor and author. Her 2010 book, The King and I, a meditation on Australian culture through the lens of King Lear, garnered international praise in its very personal examination of themes of abandonment, loss, and humor).
Today is my first blog posting for the rehearsal process of Othello, our first show with our new Artistic Director, Eric Ting, at the helm. I’d describe the rehearsal period so far as fast, furious, and focused. But Eric is also encouraging us, at every point, to be deeply thoughtful and self-questioning as we tackle this hugely dense text in the tiny 3 and a half weeks’ rehearsal period we have.
The world he’s creating is one where Othello is a Muslim, likely converted to Christianity, the textual suggestions for which might live in lines like: ‘“For Christian shame put by this barbarous brawl!” “Are we turned Turks?” And then of course there’s the final soliloquy in which, in the devastation of his deed, Othello depicts himself as both the Christian punisher and the “malignant and…turbann’d Turk” who must be punished.
Yesterday Eric asked our Assistant Director, Denmo Ibrahim, to tease out some of her thoughts and questions. Denmo is wondering about Othello’s striking of, and eventual strangulation of, Desdemona—if we suggest a Muslim background to his life (and still perhaps a private Muslim practice in the play?), are we helping to imprint stereotyped media images of Muslim men and violence? Denmo also asked: “Does Othello bring his faith to bear through the killing? Or does he leave behind his faith in order to do the killing? Is the strangulation a liberation or a hate crime?”
Denmo’s words moved me to contemplate Othello’s conversion to Christianity as perhaps both his “real” identity (the identity of the “Othello now”) and the palimpsest—you scrape it away and there is the convert who is always, by virtue of conversion, “other.” Aldo (playing Othello) also talked about otherness as his own lived identity: he has, for instance, been pulled over by the police 37 times with no viable cause other than the color of his skin.
Our culture today is in many public aspects one of “seeming”—we’re bombarded by images from all kinds of media. We post on Facebook quick messages that we admire each other on so many levels (what levels?). We become electronic “friends” with people we’ll never meet, but to whom we treat images of a lunch or a dinner or an event that was awesome or in some way inspiring. Who are we really, behind these images? 400 years ago, things both were and were not similar. In a society moving out of feudalism, clothes literally made the man: the more you wrapped yourself in the attributes of your role, the more “true” you were to your self. There were even laws against nurturing private ambitions that might lead you to comport yourself beyond your station. Today’s familiar division between outward and inward selves is a modern phenomenon born largely of capitalism, and Shakespeare was at the cusp of the change, where “seeming” began to spell “public,” and “who we really are” had a private ring to it.
In Othello Shakespeare has created a play that echoes with that change. The play is full of images of “being” and “seeming”—“I think my wife is honest.” “Long live she so, and long live you to think so.” “Men should be what they seem.” And images of Othello’s being happy if the whole army had tasted Desdemona’s sweet body “So had I nothing known”… It’s not until the image is punctured, in other words, that the truth is a problem. And in the end, the whirl of being and seeming collapse Othello’s reason and judgment: he just wants proof as his truth, and, sadly, will do anything to get it.
And here’s another question: today, as then, do we set up our humankilling machines at the expense of their humanity and personal relationships, however much we plaster the noble warrior,the Westpoint officer images, across it?
Finally, I dedicate this to Larry Smith, my friend across the Pacific, who died yesterday while rehearsal was in process. Larry was a professor of Business and Management, but loved theater. (Why is there a “but” there?!) Death is an end-point: though in Shakespeare’s Othello, it’s not. Many characters speak quite lengthily after they’re stabbed and even strangulated. Why is this? Perhaps because death is so final; and theater gives us the chance to think that perhaps it need not be: that there can BE a last word, instead of the unknown, never-fully-prepared for, eclipse.
Recently our Artistic Learning department sat down with Eric Ting to discuss our upcoming production of Othello. Eric’s Cal Shakes directorial debut begins performances September 14.
Artistic Learning: How will you stage this play to be relevant to the current cultural dialogues about racial injustice and identity? Will you use a modern setting?
Eric Ting: We’re imagining our audience sharing the space with a company of modern day actors who investigate/interrogate the classical story of Shakespeare’s Othello through a contemporary lens, trying to understand how this problem play lives as a reflection of some of the challenges we face in American society today.
AL: Directors must frequently choose a specific focus from such a large and complex play. Are you coming at it as a domestic tragedy, a political firestorm, an examination of psychological manipulation–what’s the core idea you want to illustrate to the fullest in this production?
ET: All of the above. Religion is certainly surfaced in our choice to reflect Othello as a Muslim—though even that identity is sublimated in this story (because when we encounter Othello he has “converted to Christianity” we think to better assimilate into Venetian society). Politics exist not so much as a manifestation of the war with the Ottomites (like much of the wars the US fights today, that war is backgrounded to the more domestic concerns of the drama); but rather we will be exploring the presence of a political figure like Donald Trump and asking how that injection of volatile political rhetoric might pave the way for more manifest examples of xenophobia, releasing years of pent up race-hatred (i.e.: Iago). Lastly, Othello is a play about two marriages, a domestic tragedy writ large about the daily battles wrought “in the name of love”—love of God, love of Country, love of each other.
AL: How are you directing the actors to handle the language in this play? The language sometimes floats in eloquent verse, and sometimes explodes in very direct insults that might be very offensive if said to someone today. What does it take to have an actor move between these ways of speaking, and how do you want the audience to hear and understand these different expressions?
ET: My impulse is always to play against the poetry of Shakespeare’s language. The words themselves elevate his plays to soaring heights, but when actors indulge in that poetry it often sends the plays into a more melodramatic space. He wrote in blank verse, and as such, his writing is all the more remarkable for its construction—vivid, honest language held to a rigorous form. It’s that pursuit of surfacing the familiar, the banal, the human in Shakespeare’s plays that also—I believe—demand that we not try to censor the very real prejudices that have existed across time, from Shakespeare’s Venice to our communities today.
AL: Is there any comic relief in this play? Should there be?
ET: Yes. And absolutely. Comedy accentuates tragedy, like salt with chocolate. Certainly there’s a lovely scene that we begin with: two men, ugly drunk, commiserating late one night about the unfairness of the world. But also: Shakespeare writes into the play a “CLOWN” character that, to my eyes, is not particularly funny (HA!). So we’ve made a production choice to replace those clown scenes with a series of jokes—the sort of jokes that accentuate our society’s treatment of outsiders, the sort of humor that “others” us.
AL: Okay, the ultimate question–are you more drawn to Othello, or Iago? Why?
ET: Mmmm. Good Question. I think the one doesn’t exist without the other, no? It’s almost biblical, the conflict between these two—like Cain and Abel.
Cal Shakes’ Civic Dialogue Series seeks to explore the intersections between theater and civic practice. Through facilitated dialogues with community organizations and presentations of work by community-based artists, we hope to explore how theater can be a tool for highlighting voices of marginalized communities and for igniting change. This year’s Dialogues will explore four different themes related to our 2016 Season.
Lisa Evans (Associate Director of Artistic Engagement), Regina Victoria Fields (Artistic Engagement Fellow), and Tierra Allen (Artistic Engagement Coordinator). Photo by Eric Ting.
On Monday, July 11, Cal Shakes and Impact Hub Oakland hosted The Construction of Gender: Actualizing Women’s Empowerment.
The event began with a panel moderated by restorative justice practitioner, youth organizer, and artist Tatiana Chaterji featuring preacher, writer, and organizer Elena Rose; actress, director, and playwright Margo Hall; and youth worker and theater artist Anna Maria Luera.
The panel discussion focused on the societal expectations of the role of women, the importance and impact of self determination in regards to artistic representation, and what an expansive definition of womanhood can look like.
The panel was then followed by performances by The Rysing Womyn project, Campo Santo: H.O.M.E., RYSE Performing Arts, and Elana Rose.
In nineteenth century California, divorce was on the rise, available on the basis of any of six marital “conditions”: adultery, cruelty, abandonment, neglect, intemperance, or felony conviction. On the basis of information we can glean from George Bernard Shaw’s You Never Can Tell, at least four of these six requirements would have satisfied the courts in the case of the Crampton family. Yet Fergus Crampton and his wife have stayed married, though apart, for the past eighteen years. Why? A five-letter word: shame. It was shameful to have divorce proceedings begun against you, and Mr. Crampton has the dignity of family and reputation to uphold. So he has remained, married in name only, for the best part of two decades. And his wife has not even remained “married in name”. She has adopted, and published her treatises under, the name of ‘Mrs Lanfrey Clandon.”
(background, l-r) Michael Torres as Fergus Crampton, Elizabeth Carter as Mrs. Clandon, Lance Gardner as Philip, Khalia Davis as Dolly, (foreground, l-r) Sabina Varela Zuniga as Gloria, and Matthew Baldiga as Valentine in YOU NEVER CAN TELL.
Cal Shakes audiences, meet the messed up Crampton/Clandon family of George Bernard Shaw’s You Never Can Tell, one of his bizarrely named ‘pleasant plays’ because of its strong strain of farce. In many ways this dysfunctional family we meet in California is indeed Shaw’s family, imported over the Atlantic from Ireland and England. His Irish father was in his 50s when he married a woman he thought to be of means. But he was in for bitter disappointment – his wife brought in little money, precluding him from retirement and necessitating his acquisition of a second career (as a corn merchant) after being dismissed at his job as a civil servant. George Bernard Shaw (Bernard) was the last of their children. When he was fifteen his mother, who had fallen in love with her voice teacher, took off after him when he moved to London, taking her two daughters with her and leaving Bernard with her dissolute, depressive, alcoholic husband. Bernard left Dublin a year later to join his mother in London. There he would remain under the same roof, while continuing the distant relationship that he and his mother had shared since his infancy, for the next 26 years before his own marriage.
And the dysfunctional resemblance doesn’t stop there. Shaw, like his character Valentine in You Never Can Tell, met and came to love a strong, socialist (not socialite!), wealthy woman called Charlotte Payne Townshend: but he was loathe to marry her. Like Valentine, he was impecunious, and didn’t want to be seen as a fortune hunter.
Well, to see what happened to Shaw, come see You Never Can Tell. You’ll get a pretty good idea without ever having to consult Wikipedia…
Cal Shakes’ 2014-2015 Artist-Investigator projects. Top left: Dr. Ayodele Nzinga/Green Life. Top right: Paul Flores/Causa Justa::Just Cause. Bottom left: Krista DeNio/Berkeley Food & Housing Project. Bottom right: Elizabeth Gjelten/DISH.
With our 2014-2015 Artist-Investigator program, Cal Shakes paired four local artists with four community-based nonprofits to learn what can happen when the powerful skills of artists are deployed outside the rehearsal room.
We asked artists to lead our investigation into what the performances of the future might look like and what can happen when the arts are more deeply integrated into community life. The result: four projects engaging 75 clients/members in participatory art-making that furthered each nonprofit’s mission. Beyond the participants, these projects engaged 646 community members in 3 Bay Area cities.
Each Artist-Investigator project featured different methods and outcomes depending on the needs and desires of the participants. Playwright and poet Paul Flores worked with Causa Justa::Just Cause, which organizes low-income tenants around housing justice, to create a performance based on members’ experiences with eviction and other struggles. The piece was performed at Causa Justa::Just Cause’s annual gala.
Storyteller and playwright Dr. Ayodele Nzinga worked with Green Life, a re-entry project led by former prisoners that provides healing circles and job training for formerly incarcerated individuals. Through story circles with men recently released from San Quentin State Prison, she developed Beyond the Bars: Growing Home, which presented the men’s stories of heartbreak and healing around the topic of “home.” A free staged reading of the project was produced at United Roots Oakland in collaboration with the youth group DetermiNation and The Lower Bottom Playaz theater troupe.
Playwright Elizabeth Gjelten led portrait-and-writing sessions with residents of DISH (Delivering Innovation in Supportive Housing), which operates six facilities housing formerly homeless individuals who also have other physical or mental challenges. The project resulted in photographs incorporating residents’ writing on what home means to them—and this portrait series now enlivens the lobbies of DISH’s SROs in San Francisco.
Choreographer and theatermaker Krista DeNio collaborated with the resident chaplain at Berkeley Food and Housing Project, which works to ease and end the crisis of homelessness in our community. They worked for nine months with male veterans in BFHP’s transitional housing project, exploring how performance work can help heal moral injury: traumatic grief over the moral transgressions inherent in war. Together they created a performance ritual performed by the veterans at BFHP’s annual Client Success event.
Cal Shakes is continuing our Artist-Investigator project this year as well, partnering with AYPAL, Transgender Health Services, and the Rysing Womyn project to learn more about how theaters, artists, and communities can work together to ignite change. We believe that through deep collaboration, artists and community members can lift up each other’s work—starting conversation, sharing stories, bridging difference, and activating deeper civic participation.